LES FR RES MUSULMANS 1928 1982
" Nous sommes les Frères au service de l'Islam ". L'Occident ne cesse de s'interroger : confrérie fanatique ? Mouvement réactionnaire ? Parti fasciste ? En reprenant, pièces en mains, les cinquante premières années de l'histoire déjà longue des Frères musulmans, O. Carré et M. Seurat ont d'abord voulu la débarrasser des contresens et des falsifications qui en cachent, jusqu'à nous, la signification. Histoire multiple, d'un pays, d'une culture ; histoire contradictoire, mais qui, par le chemin d'un retour fondamentaliste aux sources de la foi, dessine depuis près d'un siècle l'une des voies de l'Islam contemporain.
Asad of Syria
Traces the life and political career of President Asad, discusses his role in the history of Syria, and shares his vision of the future of the region.
The resurgence of Islamic fundamentalism in the 1980s influenced many in the Islamic world to reject Western norms of liberal rationality and to return, instead, to their own tradition for political and cultural inspiration. This rejection of foreign thought threatens to end the centuries-long dialogue between Islam and the West, a dialogue that has produced a nascent Middle Eastern liberalism, along with many less desirable forms of discourse. With Islamic Liberalism, Leonard Binder hopes to reinvigorate that dialogue, asking whether political liberalism can take root in the Middle East without a vigorous Islamic liberalism. But, Binder asks, is an Islamic liberalism possible? The Islamic political community presents special problems to the development of an indigenous liberalism. That community is conceived of as divinely ordained, and its notions of the good are to be derived from scriptural revelation, not arrived at through rational discourse. Liberal politics would seem to stand little chance of surviving in such an atmosphere, let alone thriving. Binder responds to the challenge of Edward Said's critique of Orientalism, of a range of neo-Marxian development theorists, of Sayyid Qutb's fundamentalist vision, of Samir Amin's vision of Egypt's role in the Arab awakening, of Tariq al-Bishri's new populism, of Zaki Najib Mahmud's pragmatism, and the structuralism of Arkoun and Laroui. The deconstruction of these varied texts produces a number of persuasive hermeneutical conclusions that are sequentially woven together in a critical argument that refocuses our attention on the central question of political freedom and democracy. In the course of constructing this argument, Binder reopens the dialogue between Western modernity and Islamic authenticity and reveals the surprising extent to which there is a convergent interest in liberal, democratic, civil society. Finally, in a concluding chapter, he addresses the prospects for liberalism in the three major bourgeois states of Islam—Egypt, Turkey, and Iran.
Les Fr res pr cheurs en Orient
L'Institut dominicain d'études orientales (IDEO) du Caire trouve ses racines lointaines dans un projet d'extension de l'Ecole biblique de Jérusalem, formulé par le père Lagrange à l'heure de la crise moderniste. L'idée trouve un début de réalisation au cœur du second conflit mondial, lorsqu'un dominicain d'origine égyptienne, Georges Chehata Anawati, thomiste convaincu, entreprend de tisser un double réseau de relations, avec des intellectuels musulmans d'une part, avec des orientalistes d'autre part, tout en constituant une équipe de recherches sur l'Orient proche, parrainée par le père Chenu. L'entreprise intellectuelle de ces Frères prêcheurs s'insère dans les travaux de philosophie et de mystique comparées, et entraîne dans le même temps une lecture nouvelle de l'ecclésiologie catholique relative aux religions non chrétiennes, parmi lesquelles l'islam. Organisant la problématique de sa recherche autour de la relation triangulaire " catholicisme-islam-modernité ", l'auteur montre que le contenu des relations entre intellectuels chrétiens et musulmans au XXe siècle ne se réduit pas à un schéma binaire d'affrontement entre civilisations ou religions.
Pioneers of Islamic Revival
Pioneers of Islamic Revival examines the political environments, lives and works of those diverse nineteenth- and twentieth-century Muslim thinkers who believed that Islam was capable of providing practical solutions to the problems of the modern world.
Human Rights in Syria
In the early 1980's, Syria's powerful army and prevasive security apparatus crushed opposition to the regime of Hafez Asad with great violence, killing at least 10,000 citizens and jailing thousands more. This report charges that in the intervening years, the government's respect for fundamental human rights has barely improved.
Islamic Movements of Europe
Islam in Europe' and 'Islamophobia' are subjects of vital global importance which currently preoccupy policy-makers and academics alike. Examining various European Muslim groups and institutions that have branched off from Islamic movements - including the Muslim Brotherhood, Hizb ut-Tahrir and Jama’at-i Islami - this book outlines the configuration of social, political and religious processes that have given rise to new kinds of European Muslim organisations. It considers the relationship of these organisations to their 'parent' movements, their connections with transnational Islamic networks, their impact on European states, the presence of Islam in European education and higher education institutions and the connection between Islamic movements and the perceived surge of 'Islamophobia' in Europe. Featuring the work of more than 40 scholars, this is the comprehensive guide to Islam in Europe and will be essential reading for policy-makers, political commentators and academics working with Islamic groups in Europe.
Islamist Radicalisation in Europe and the Middle East
Are today's radicals tomorrow's extremists? Are adherents to Islamism necessarily extremist or violent? Most analyses of violence emanating from the Middle East or from Europe's Muslim communities tend to assume that this is the case. Not so in this book. Instead, with a wide-ranging and case-by-case approach, it seeks to look beyond these assumptions, examining the specific contexts of radicalism and asking what creates the conditions for radicalization. Shedding much-needed light upon a phenomenon that has helped to define today's world, this book will be essential for general readers, students and researchers who take an interest in the fields of Politics, International Relations and the phenomena of multiculturalism and terrorism.
Dollars for Terror
How long have the United States and their Saudi allies been sponsoring and financing the radical Islamists, and why doesn''t anyone stop them? Lab(r)vi re uncovers the money-laundering, the organized crime and the interlocking world of business and politics"
As the Middle East descends ever deeper into violence and chaos, 'sectarianism' has become a catch-all explanation for the region's troubles. The turmoil is attributed to 'ancient sectarian differences', putatively primordial forces that make violent conflict intractable. In media and policy discussions, sectarianism has come to possess trans-historical causal power. This book trenchantly challenges the lazy use of 'sectarianism' as a magic-bullet explanation for the region's ills, focusing on how various conflicts in the Middle East have morphed from non-sectarian (or cross-sectarian) and nonviolent movements into sectarian wars. Through multiple case studies -- including Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Yemen and Kuwait -- this book maps the dynamics of sectarianisation, exploring not only how but also why it has taken hold. The contributors examine the constellation of forces -- from those within societies to external factors such as the Saudi-Iran rivalry -- that drive the sectarianisation process and explore how the region's politics can be de-sectarianised. Featuring leading scholars -- and including historians, anthropologists, political scientists and international relations theorists -- this book will redefine the terms of debate on one of the most critical issues in international affairs today.