L individualisation du droit du travail
Il est classique d'enseigner que le droit du travail s'est construit contre la vision individualiste des relations de travail héritée de la Révolution française et du Code civil de 1804, et que toute son histoire est celle d'une transposition progressive des rapports individuels sur le plan collectif. Le droit du travail va inventer le collectif et va s'inventer autour du collectif. C'est ainsi, en élaborant un réseau dense de protections et de garanties collectives, que le droit du travail va arracher le salarié au principe de la liberté contractuelle et accomplir sa finalité protectrice. Or une partie de la doctrine travailliste, situant ses observations au niveau de l'évolution des normes juridiques, a récemment mis en lumière une réhabilitation du salarié-individu. Ce constat ne peut que susciter la curiosité, et plus encore l'inquiétude. En effet, certains discours qui se présentent comme authentiquement libéraux mènent, depuis plusieurs années, au nom de l'individu et du respect de ses droits, une véritable entreprise de " délégitimation " du droit du travail tel qu'il s'est construit en France depuis le milieu du XIXe siècle. Faut-il voir dans le retour diagnostiqué de l'individu la concrétisation de ces thèses, une logique de " déconstruction néo-libérale " du droit du travail ? Ne peut-on au contraire situer ce retour dans la dynamique même du " modèle classique " de droit du travail ? Loin d'être en rupture par rapport à ce modèle, il en serait le prolongement. Mais, à supposer qu'il soit possible de retenir cette seconde analyse, ne pourrait-on pas tout de même craindre que ce retour, paradoxalement, mette en péril certains des équilibres fondateurs du droit du travail ? Répondre à ces questions suppose de prendre l'exacte mesure de ce phénomène d'individualisation, d'en cerner le plus précisément possible les contours et les formes. Mais cela suppose aussi d'en identifier les ressorts (les sens, les raisons, les fondements), de mettre au jour ses conséquences et ses implications. Cela oblige enfin, pour reprendre les mots du Professeur Similis, à se rappeler " les origines et les buts des mécanismes régulateurs du droit du travail ".
Social Services in Europe
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The Economics of Creativity
Creative work is governed by uncertainty. So how can customers and critics judge merit, when the disparity between superstardom and obscurity hinges on minor gaps in ability? The Economics of Creativity brings clarity to a market widely seen as either irrational or so free of standards that only power and manipulation count.
The New Spirit of Capitalism
A century after the publication of Max Weber's The Protestant Ethic and the "Spirit" of Capitalism, a major new work examines network-based organization, employee autonomy and post-Fordist horizontal work structures.
The Handbook of Microfinance
Handbook of Microfinance addresses the gap between clients who are benefiting from access to financial services via MFIs, and the potential market, which remains underserved or untapped. This gap can be attributed to a "mismatch" between what consumers, or potential clients, demand and what MFIs offer in terms of financial products. The scope of the book is wide. It includes successes and failures, main challenges and debates, methodologies for impact evaluation via random trials, leading trends in Asia versus Latin America, main efforts in Africa, the importance of value chains in Central America, ethical and gender issues, savings, microinsurance, governance, commercialization trends and the potential advantages and disadvantages of it. Lastly it features main lessons from informal finance and 19th-century credit cooperatives addressing the above-mentioned mismatch.
Employees First Customers Second
Imagine a management philosophy based not upon serving a company's customers, but on serving the company's employees. Vineet Nayar, CEO of HCL Technologies in India, has put such a philosophy into practice with remarkable results. His "employee first, customer second" mantra has been recognized globally as an example of organizational innovation, and was deemed a "new and radical management philosophy" ripe for the picking in the Western world by Business Week. In this book, Nayar himself describes his blunt refusal to treat the flesh and blood of HCL--its people--as "human resource" or as "intellectual capital" or even as an asset like all its other assets-and how his unique perspective led to an holistic transformation of his organization. By putting employees on top of the organizational pyramid, he argues, your company can fully realize the value created in the interface between customers and employees. This book leads managers and executives through the five core aspects of Nayar's approach, demonstrating how to create a sense of urgency, overhaul incentives and reporting structures, foster transparency in communications and feedback, provide platforms for achievement and personal growth, and finally recognize the potential of every individual in the organization. The "Employee First" philosophy should be the fulcrum of the transformation journey of any organization.
Survival of the Prettiest
A provocative and thoroughly researched inquiry into what we find beautiful and why, skewering the myth that the pursuit of beauty is a learned behavior. In Survival of the Prettiest, Nancy Etcoff, a faculty member at Harvard Medical School and a practicing psychologist at Massachusetts General Hospital, argues that beauty is neither a cultural construction, an invention of the fashion industry, nor a backlash against feminism—it’s in our biology. Beauty, she explains, is an essential and ineradicable part of human nature that is revered and ferociously pursued in nearly every civilization—and for good reason. Those features to which we are most attracted are often signals of fertility and fecundity. When seen in the context of a Darwinian struggle for survival, our sometimes extreme attempts to attain beauty—both to become beautiful ourselves and to acquire an attractive partner—suddenly become much more understandable. Moreover, if we understand how the desire for beauty is innate, then we can begin to work in our own interests, and not just the interests of our genetic tendencies.
The author presents the findings of his survey of admissions at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton, revealing a century of exclusion that cuts to the core of the American experience, while raising questions about the stratification of higher education in Americ
The Government of Florence Under the Medici 1434 to 1494
The Government of Florence Under the Medici 1434-1494 investigates the ways in which the Medici established and exercised their authority. Although de facto rulers of Florence, they wielded their power within the structure of the Florentine constitution and enjoyed no political rights andprivileges denied to other prominent citizens. Nicolai Rubinstein examines the complex system of controls which the Medici gradually created to secure and increase their ascendancy, and throws fresh light on the personalities and groups supporting the Medici regime, as well as on the survivingrepublican opposition. In this second edition, Professor Rubinstein has taken account of the many important studies on fifteenth-century Florence, in particular on Lorenzo and his age, that have appeared since the publication of the first edition over thirty years ago. He has added an essay on the techniques by which anumber of important administrative offices were subjected to electoral controls before and after the establishment of the Medici regime, and also added a brief account of the procedures of the council of Seventy of 1480, as well as a list of its members in 1489. The reorganization of the Archiviodelle Tratte has necessitated the revision of every single reference to what is by far the largest group of sources on which this book is based. Reviews of the first edition: `The importance of the theme need not be laboured. Florence is the most interesting of all proto-democracies, the Medici among the most intriguing of all dynasties (especially before they became dynasts).' Times Literary Supplement `a fundamental contribution to Florentine history, which will be used as a source by historians for many years to come.' British Book News `an extremely important and useful book.' Philosophical Studies