Ce cauchemar qui n en finit pas

Titre : Ce cauchemar qui n en finit pas
Auteur : Pierre DARDOT
Éditeur : La Découverte
ISBN-13 : 9782707190406
Libération : 2016-05-04

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Comment expliquer l'insolente victoire des forces pourtant responsables de la crise économique de 2008, l'une des pires depuis 1929 ? Comment expliquer que, en dépit du chaos qu'il a généré et des désastres qu'il continue de préparer, le néolibéralisme soit sorti renforcé de la crise ? Pour Dardot et Laval, le néolibéralisme est tout autre chose qu'une théorie qui aurait " failli " : c'est un véritable mode de gouvernement des sociétés, en train de réaliser la sortie de la démocratie. Comment expliquer l'étrange survie des forces pourtant responsables de la crise économique de 2008, l'une des pires depuis 1929 ? Comment expliquer que le néolibéralisme soit sorti renforcé de la crise ? Au moment de son déclenchement, nombre d'économistes parmi les plus célèbres avaient hâtivement annoncé sa " mort ". Ils n'ont vu dans la poursuite des politiques néolibérales que le résultat d'un entêtement doctrinal. Pour Pierre Dardot et Christian Laval, le néolibéralisme n'est pas qu'un simple dogme. Soutenu par des oligarchies puissantes, il est un véritable système politico-institutionnel obéissant à une logique d' autorenforcement. Loin d'être une rupture, la crise est devenue un mode de gouvernement d'une redoutable efficacité. En montrant comment ce système s'est cristallisé et solidifié, le livre explique que le verrouillage néolibéral a réussi à entraver toute correction de trajectoire par la désactivation progressive de la démocratie. Accroissant le désarroi et la démobilisation, la gauche dite " gouvernementale " a contribué très activement au renforcement de la logique oligarchique. Ceci peut conduire à la sortie définitive de la démocratie au profit d'une gouvernance expertocratique soustraite à tout contrôle. Pourtant, rien n'est encore joué. Le réveil de l'activité démocratique, que l'on voit se dessiner dans les mouvements et expérimentations politiques des dernières années, est le signe que l'affrontement politique avec le système néolibéral et le bloc oligarchique a déjà commencé.

Capital Rules

Titre : Capital Rules
Auteur : Rawi Abdelal
Éditeur : Harvard University Press
ISBN-13 : 0674023692
Libération : 2007

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The rise of global financial markets in the last decades of the twentieth century was premised on one fundamental idea: that capital ought to flow across country borders with minimal restriction and regulation. Freedom for capital movements became the new orthodxy.

American Tax Resisters

Titre : American Tax Resisters
Auteur : Romain D. Huret
Éditeur : Harvard University Press
ISBN-13 : 9780674369399
Libération : 2014-04-15

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American Tax Resisters gives a history of the anti-tax movement that, for the past 150 years, has pursued limited taxes on wealth and battled efforts to secure social justice through income redistribution. It explains how a once-marginal ideology became mainstream, elevating individual entrepreneurialism over sacrifice and solidarity.

Patent Politics

Titre : Patent Politics
Auteur : Shobita Parthasarathy
Éditeur : University of Chicago Press
ISBN-13 : 9780226437859
Libération : 2017-02-21

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Introduction -- Defining the public interest in the US and European patent systems -- Confronting the questions of life-form patentability -- Commodification, animal dignity, and patent-system publics -- Forging new patent politics through the human embryonic stem cell debates -- Human genes, plants, and the distributive implications of patents -- Conclusion

Insectopedia

Titre : Insectopedia
Auteur : Hugh Raffles
Éditeur : Vintage
ISBN-13 : 9780307379726
Libération : 2010-07-02

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A New York Times Notable Book A stunningly original exploration of the ties that bind us to the beautiful, ancient, astoundingly accomplished, largely unknown, and unfathomably different species with whom we share the world. For as long as humans have existed, insects have been our constant companions. Yet we hardly know them, not even the ones we’re closest to: those that eat our food, share our beds, and live in our homes. Organizing his book alphabetically, Hugh Raffles weaves together brief vignettes, meditations, and extended essays, taking the reader on a mesmerizing exploration of history and science, anthropology and travel, economics, philosophy, and popular culture. Insectopedia shows us how insects have triggered our obsessions, stirred our passions, and beguiled our imaginations. From the Trade Paperback edition.

La pesadilla que no acaba nunca

Titre : La pesadilla que no acaba nunca
Auteur : Christian Laval
Éditeur : Editorial GEDISA
ISBN-13 : 9788416919499
Libération : 2017-05

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Europa se fragmenta, se desgarra, se desacredita. Los refugiados políticos y climáticos aumentan dramáticamente; los partidos xenófobos recogen el sentimiento de abandono de la población empobrecida; las vidas rotas por el desempleo son incontables. Y sin embargo, las fuerzas responsables de la crisis económica de la última década parecen fortalecidas. ¿Cómo explicarlo? En esta obra, última parte de una trilogía iniciada con La nueva razón del mundo y Común (Gedisa, 2013 y 2015), Christian Laval y Pierre Dardot vuelven a estimular nuestra reflexión con un brillante ensayo que pone su acento en la necesidad de comprender la lógica profunda de esta radicalización neoliberal, la cual lleva a cabo una confiscación de la experiencia común y funciona como un metódico sistema de vaciamiento de la democracia. Pero los autores también nos recuerdan que nada está decidido todavía. El despertar de la actividad democrática que vemos emerger en los movimientos y experimentos políticos de los últimos años es una señal de que la lucha contra el neoliberalismo y por habitar otra Europa ya ha comenzado.

The Strange Non death of Neo liberalism

Titre : The Strange Non death of Neo liberalism
Auteur : Colin Crouch
Éditeur : Polity
ISBN-13 : 9780745652214
Libération : 2011-08-08

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Winner of the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung prize The financial crisis seemed to present a fundamental challenge to neo-liberalism, the body of ideas that have constituted the political orthodoxy of most advanced economies in recent decades. Colin Crouch argues in this book that it will shrug off this challenge. The reason is that while neo-liberalism seems to be about free markets, in practice it is concerned with the dominance over public life of the giant corporation. This has been intensified, not checked, by the recent financial crisis and acceptance that certain financial corporations are 'too big to fail'. Although much political debate remains preoccupied with conflicts between the market and the state, the impact of the corporation on both these is today far more important. Several factors have brought us to this situation: Most obviously, the lobbying power of firms whose donations are of growing importance to cash-hungry politicians and parties; The weakening of competitive forces by firms large enough to shape and dominate their markets; The power over public policy exercised by corporations enjoying special relationships with government as they contract to deliver public services; The moral initiative that is grasped by enterprises that devise their own agendas of corporate social responsibility. Both democratic politics and the free market are weakened by these processes, but they are largely inevitable and not always malign. Hope for the future, therefore, cannot lie in suppressing them in order to attain either an economy of pure markets or a socialist society. Rather it lies in dragging the giant corporation fully into political controversy. Here a key role is played by the small, cash-strapped campaigning groups who, with precious little help from established parties, seek to achieve corporate social accountability.

Handbook of Neoliberalism

Titre : Handbook of Neoliberalism
Auteur : Simon Springer
Éditeur : Routledge
ISBN-13 : 9781317549659
Libération : 2016-07-07

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Neoliberalism is easily one of the most powerful discourses toemerge within the social sciences in the last two decades, and the number of scholars who write about this dynamic and unfolding process of socio-spatial transformation is astonishing. Even more surprising though is that there has, until now, not been an attempt to provide a wide-ranging volume that engages with the multiple registers in which neoliberalism has evolved. The Routledge Handbook of Neoliberalism seeks to offer a comprehensive overview of the phenomenon of neoliberalism by examining the range of ways that it has been theorized, promoted, critiqued, and put into practice in a variety of geographical locations and institutional frameworks. With contributions from over 50 leading authors working at institutions around the world the volumes seven sections will offer a systematic overview of neoliberalism’s origins, political implications, social tensions, spaces, natures and environments, and aftermaths in addressing ongoing and emerging debates. The volume aims to provide the first comprehensive overview of the field and to advance the established and emergent debates in a field that has grown exponentially over the past two decades, coinciding with the meteoric rise of neoliberalism as a hegemonic ideology, state form, policy and program, and governmentality. It includes a substantive introductory chapter and will serve as an invaluable resource for undergraduates, graduate students, and professional scholars alike.

Never Let a Serious Crisis Go to Waste How Neoliberalism Survived the Financial Meltdown

Titre : Never Let a Serious Crisis Go to Waste How Neoliberalism Survived the Financial Meltdown
Auteur : Philip Mirowski
Éditeur : Verso Books
ISBN-13 : 9781781680797
Libération : 2013-07-09

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After the financial apocalypse, neoliberalism rose from the dead—stronger than ever At the onset of the Great Recession, as house prices sank and joblessness soared, many commentators thought that neoliberalism itself was in its death throes. And yet it seems that—post-apocalypse—we’ve awoken into a second nightmare more ghastly than the first: a political class still blaming government intervention, a global drive for austerity, stagflation, and exploding sovereign debt crises. Philip Mirowski argues that, as in classic studies of cognitive dissonance, neoliberal thought has become so pervasive that any countervailing evidence serves only to further convince disciples of its ultimate truth. Once neoliberalism became a Theory of Everything—a revolutionary account of self, knowledge, information, markets, and government—it could no longer be falsified by mere data from the ‘real’ economy. In this sharp, witty and deeply informed account—taking no prisoners in his pursuit of ‘zombie’ economists—Mirowski surveys the wreckage of what passes for economic thought, and finally provides the basis for an anti-neoliberal account of the current crisis and our future prospects.

Broken Memory

Titre : Broken Memory
Auteur : Elisabeth Combres
Éditeur : Groundwood Books Ltd
ISBN-13 : 9780888998934
Libération : 2011-04-01

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After hearing her mother being murdered, a young girl must find the strength to survive on her own amidst the massacres of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.